The following expressions mean ‘ in spite of something ‘. They are subordinating conjunctions. Certain relevant points which need to be noted are given below:
(i) The clause which they introduce is a subordinate clause, which needs a main clause to make it complete.(ii) ‘Though’ is more common than ‘ Although ‘ in general and particularly in spoken English.(iii) ‘ Despite ‘ is a little formal compared to ‘In spite of ‘.(iv) When ‘though / although ‘comes before the main clause, a comma is usually put at the end of the clause. When the main clause comes first, we don’t use a comma.
(1) Although / though
- Even though he worked hard, he could not get a first class.( here subordinate clause comes first and hence the separation by a comma.)
- He could not get a first class even though he worked hard.( here the main clause comes first and hence no separation by a comma)
- Although he was weak, he attended the function.
- He couldn’t secure a job although he had all the necessary qualifications.
- Though he tried his level best, he could not pass the exam.
- Though they are very poor, they are always neatly dressed.
(2) Despite/ In spite of
- Despite the fact that she was sick, she went to work.
- She went to work in spite of the fact that she was sick.
- We went out in spite of the rain.
- He didn’t agree with me despite the proof shown to him.
(3) Even if/ Even though ( These structures show a stronger degree of ‘Though/ Although’)
- I will get you all the books you need even if you don’t give me the cost.
- Even though he can’t drive, he has bought a car.
- He will not stop fighting with his neighbours even if nobody supports him.