Abstention = refusal to vote, abstaining
- In the election to the local council, there were three abstentions.
- There were ten votes in favour, three against and two abstentions.
- Political parties are expecting high levels of abstention in the forthcoming elections.
Abstinence = the practice of restraining oneself from indulging in something, typically alcohol or sex; teetotalism; temperance; self-restraint etc.
- He started drinking after ten years of abstinence.
- She observed two days of abstinence from food and drink as penance for wrongdoing.
- Among birth control methods , abstinence from sex is equally effective as artificial contraceptive devices.
- Abstinence can be resorted to against unwanted pregnancies.