Make – special usage

Make – special usage :  Here ‘ MAKE ‘ has the meaning ‘ to force’ OR ‘ to compel ‘.  When ‘ Make’ or ‘Made’ is used in the active form , headless infinitive (bare infinitive) is used.  And in the passive voice the usual form of infinitive is used. Structural differences when ‘ force, compel’  and ‘make’ are used may be clearly distinguished from the examples given below:


  • The security staff forced us to stand in queue.
  • The security staff made us stand in queue.( active – here headless infinitive is used , i.e simply  ‘stand’ is used without ‘to’ being preceded)
  • We were made to stand in queue by the security staff.(passive – here normal infinitive is used , i.e with ‘to’  , to stand)


  • The police officer compelled us to stop the car.(compelled us to stop ….)
  • The police officer made us stop the car.( active – made us stop….)
  • We were made to stop the car by the police officer.(passive-  made to stop..)


  • The money-lender forced me to sign a few documents.
  • The money-lender made me sign a few documents.(active)
  • I was made to sign a few documents by the money-lender.(passive)


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